ACHIEVING ZEROEMISSION CITIES BY 2050
- 1 FROM THE MINUTES 2018
- 2 RAW NOTES
- 3 Discussion
FROM THE MINUTES 2018
Here are some inspiring examples of cities and companies creating new models of collaboration :
Including public utilities
Getting the electrical grid ready for the increase in demand caused by electric vehicles will be a challenge. To test creative solutions, BMW put in place the Chargeforward pilot project, a collaboration with California-based energy company PG&E. This project uses telematics to direct vehicles to charge during non-peak hours.
Mobilizing businesses and citizens
The city of Dundee, Scotland, developed the Drive Dundee Electric campaign to mobilize the community for electric vehicles. The initiative includes: electrifying the municipal vehicle fleet, supporting electric taxis, installing public charging points, promoting the installation of private charging points, and raising awareness about the benefits of electric vehicles.
Getting the regulation right
The city of Portland’s Smart Autonomous Vehicle Initiative (SAVI) aims to work with stakeholders to implement autonomous vehicles. The goal? Shift to modes other than the private vehicle. Active transportation and public transit come first, and even within the category of electric and autonomous vehicles, priority is given to shared vehicles.
- “You don’t always have to come up with new ideas, sometimes you just have to look around and see what works in other cities”
- Generate confidence in the change you’re trying to make
- “Challenge, Change, deliver, build confidence.”
- “We can come up with the greatest ideas in the world, but unless there is the political will to achieve them, it won’t happen. You need people to create the climate, build confidence and lead the change ”
London : patchwork quilt of policy and different approached by borough; challenge of bringing coherent
Exemple : “source” charging points throughout london and then UK, goal of creating confidence, uniformity and more widespread roll-out Exemple of Boris Johnson and leadership for pedestrianization
Buenos Aires (Esteban Galuzzi, undersecretary transport)
- Major investments in transit recently : BRT network (8 corridors, 65km), bike network.
- High transit usage.
- Some commuter trains, and subway, but 80% of transit use is buses.
- BRT built in 6 months on 9 de julio, went from 75,000 bus passengers to over 250,000, halved transit time.
Challenge : many people coming into the city by car, from suburbs.
Dundee (Gary McRae)
- City working hard to roll out electric vehicles over past 6 years.
- In scotland, only municipalities seriously developing charging facilities.
- Rethinking various policies : taxi policies, parking policies
Challenge : how to ensure correct make up and quantity of refuelling facilities? Which fuels/technologies? Who takes responsability? If we don’t do it will anyone do it?
Portland (Eric Hesse, planner)
Goal : shifting to modes other than private automobile : active + transit first, but also shared vehicles prioritized over private, individual vehicles, even if electric.
- “FAVES” fleets of autonomous vehicles that are electric and shared
City’s priority : Walking > bicycing > transit > FAVES > other shared > low occupancy, fossil-fuel
- Build partnerships to take some of the pressure off the local authorities to develop EV infrastructure.
- Need to develop incentives to businesses and individuals to get them to participate.
- Idea : form task force / table with all stakeholders.
- Build coalition of business owners.
- Create incentives for consumers : for purchase, perhaps membership program for charging.
- Get people to try transit.
- Question of disseminating information
- One possibility : work on car pooling, Bla bla car and other applications to facilitate carpooling, combined with car lanes, legislation, etc.
- Park and ride in the suburbs.
- Bike system to help with last km problem.
- How to reward behaviour, create a change in culture, make cars less cool?
- How to make sustainable options not just the virtuous choice, but the rational choice.
- Get the incentives right and also ensure recognition, benefits for early adopters.
- Shift investments to live up to aspirations and theoretical priorities.
Angle : make transit both rationally and emotionally attractive/competitive
- Employers : incentives to offer less parking and support transit use.
- Congestion pricing.
- Adjust incentives to encourage change, incentivize going from car owner to car user.
- Create a “car-share” culture.