CYBERSECURITY AS A KEY SUCCESS FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONNECTED AND AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES
FROM THE MINUTES 2018
An autonomous car is essentially an electronic network composed of anywhere between 80 to 100 electronic control units — small computers controlling different functions both critical and non-critical. These units are connected to each other, and some are also connected to the Internet. With interconnection comes hackability; one weak link could allow for the theft of vehicles and data, or even the hostile takeover of vital systems such as navigation and security. The Thales Group, whose core expertise is in defence and aerospace, is working towards safety solutions for autonomous vehicles and promoting public buy-in.
OVERCOMING COLLECTIVE FEAR OF CHANGE
There is always anxiety over new technologies. Autonomous vehicles offer the potential for safer streets, but there is much work to be done to gain public trust and convince skeptics that they are safe.
The first step in creating acceptance for new technology is actually making it safe. But once that is the case, how can innovators help the public to surpass irrational fears? Angela Weltman shares her thoughts on the topic:
1. MAKE THE BENEFITS CLEAR
If a new technology is so self-evidently useful and greatly improves quality of life, initial hesitations will quickly be overcome.
2. ENCOURAGE GRADUAL DESENSITIZATION
Many cars already on the market have elements of autonomy, such as automatic parking. Gradual change is easier change, which can help make fully autonomous cars less of a shock.
3. SUPPORT EARLY ADOPTERS
The first people to embrace a new technology are often people who receive unusually high benefits from it, such as a senior who can no longer drive or a CEO pressed for time. They are ambassadors who play a key role in social diffusion. Offer them benefits and incentives.
SECURED SYSTEMS: THE KEY TO NEW POSSIBILITIES
The challenges are primarily technical: encryption, data transfer systems, blockchain, user identification systems, etc. Tackling these issues is a precondition for unleashing the full potential of autonomous vehicles as part of a shift to a mobility as a service paradigm. Jump to page 100 to see how peer-to-peer uses of vehicles can become a reality.
"We do not have the right to fail. This is not only a business project, this is a global ambition for society. If we succeed in autonomous driving, we will reduce road mortalities, traffic jams, and pollution." - Jean-Marie Letort
CAR HACKING: THE NEW CARJACKING
Jean-Marie launched the conversation about cybersecurity issues in automated vehicles during Movin'On 2017, read the article on page 212 of The Minutes to catch up.
The Thales group has a goal to become the European leader in automotive cybersecurity. To read about vehicle security concepts such as the embedding of software "over the air" and protective measures that are "secure by design", check out this interview with Jean-Marie Letort.