DEMYSTIFY AND DEPLOY TRANSPORT ELECTRIFICATION

From Insights Movinon

One line description: DEMYSTIFY AND DEPLOY TRANSPORT ELECTRIFICATION

Description: Why aren't the advantages of electric vehicles causing an increase in their market shares?

  • Understand the position of Quebec and Canada regarding transport electrification.
  • Identify the crucial elements necessary for increasing the market share of electric vehicles.
  • Implement solutions in order to accelerate the arrival of electric vehicles.

Image:

Nasa-53884-unsplash.jpg

Organization: HYDRO QUEBEC

Participants:

Category: DECARBONIZATION AND AIR QUALITY, ACCELERATE CHANGE

Theme: electrification (vehicle & infra), energy diversification

Leader: LAMPRON France

Facilitator: GAGNON Justine

Expert: TREMBLAY Jean-françois, RIOUX Simon-pierre, BRETON Daniel

Action:

Email or forum discussion :

Chat discussion canal : https://chat.fabmob.io/channel/movinonconf

Next Step :

Feel free to comment, complete and join this initiative !

FROM THE MINUTES 2018

Why would a hydroelectric powerhouse sustain any vestige of attachment to an antiquated technology like gas-powered cars? Quebec has a unique opportunity: with its immense capacity to generate clean electricity and its modern metropolis recognized as a technological and economic hub, the province can choose its own path to sustainable mobility.

In 2008, 80% of the gasoline used in Quebec came from conventional sources such as oil wells. In 2018, 80% of it comes from tar sands and fracking, which are much more polluting. As a result, a gasoline-powered car pollutes far more in 2018 than it did 2008. Quebec’s gasoline consumption is around 8 billion litres per year, so along with the added environmental burden, this amounts to nearly $ 1 billion leaving the provincial economy each year.

LOOKING UP, TRENDING DOWN

According to Daniel Breton, there are three major shifts happening in the North American car market:

  1. Increased sales of electric and hybrid cars
  2. Decreased sales of conventional gas-powered cars
  3. Increased sales of gas-powered light trucks and SUVs

Therefore, even with more electric and hybrid cars on Quebec roads, the overall trend points towards an increase in greenhouse-gas emissions.


GOVERNMENTS MUST LEAD THE WAY

Some parts of the world experienced success with the "California model" which is threefold :

  1. Offers incentives to buyers of zero-emission vehicles
  2. Offers incentives to corporations willing to invest in green vehicle infrastructure such as charging stations
  3. Requires automakers to manufacture a certain minimum percentage of green automobiles

In Quebec, pulp and paper giant Cascade took advantage of the "Branché au travail" program, providing up to $5,000 in incentives to install 30 charging points at its headquarters. In a matter of months, the number of employees with electric vehicles tripled from six or seven to more than 20.


HYDROGEN HOPE VS. HYPE: TO CELL OR NOT TO CELL

Hydrogen is not an existing natural resource. Currently, 95% of hydrogen comes from fossil fuel sources, and producing it requires a huge amount of energy. Some sources calculate that driving a hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle (FCV) costs four times more per kilometre than a battery-powered electric vehicle.

From Quebec's point of view, FCVs are not an enticing option:

  1. A battery charging point costs about $70,000, whereas a comparable fuel-cell station costs several million dollars
  2. Hydrogen's price per litre is still high than gasoline, whereas electricity costs about one eighth the price of gasoline, per kilometre
  3. In Quebec, using fuel cells means sending money to foreign fossil-fuel producers, whereas EVs are powered by renewable hydro-electricity, which supports the local economy