MOBILITY IN MARITIME TRANSPORT
FROM THE MINUTES 2018
Inefficiency is the one word that keeps being repeated when experts talk about maritime mobility. According to BCG research, each of the top five sea-freight companies spend $300-500 million annually moving empty containers. Pierre- Fabrice Storino adds that a single sea-freight shipment represents more than 200 interactions between more than 25 operators. That makes for complex and inefficient communication. With millions of dollars spent annually on moving empty containers and thousands of them lost at sea each year, this sector is in need of some creative, digital solutions.
UNIFYING THE ECOSYSTEM
The IoT brings the capability to extract data from objects at a very low cost. Using sensors placed in containers to optimize the supply chain could bring tremendous benefits to the shipping process and solve some of the above mentioned tracking woes. With this added connectivity in place, Pierre- Fabrice Storino suggests that crew members could be informed of events in real-time, have a better understanding of shipment wait and arrival times, and could reduce instances of late shipment. He also believes that a shared digital platform across all operators in this ecosystem would greatly improve coordination efforts.
REMOTE CONTROL VESSELS AND CREWS OF BOTS
Matti Helenius is optimistic as he foresees the significant role new technologies will play in the future of the marine sector. For instance, Wartsila, a global leader in smart technologies and complete lifecycle solutions for the marine and energy markets, imagines a zero-emission vessel that navigates with remote control.
Their vision would see ship owners no longer buying ships, but leasing them instead. Collaboration is crucial to implement these concepts, and Matti is convinced that the stakeholders who are now reluctant to share their data will soon be open to it. Their ideal ship would: Use only natural energy sources Recharge its battery during ocean crossing Use AI to perform maintenance Manufacture and refine goods during transportation
BREAKING DOWN OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF THE SECTOR
Movin’On participants outlined the opportunities and challenges of maritime transportation as they relate to technology, the economy, sustainability and politics:
→ Blockchain could offer transparency
→ Companies must be open to new technologies
→ Digitization of the industry is the future
→ Interdisciplinary approaches can create transparency between actors
→ Use of wind turbines and hydrogen batteries could be advantageous
→ Complex ecosystem with many actors
→ Lack of regulations
→ Cybersecurity: wireless connection can increase risk of hacking
→ Liability: who’s at fault when chemicals are dumped in international waters? Shipowners? Countries?
→ Not enough crew members: sector is not attractive
→ Thin profit margins