NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND ENERGY COMBINATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE ROAD FREIGHT TRANSPORT
FROM THE MINUTES 2018
Present global GDP growth trends indicate a potential increase of fossil-fuel consumption of over 100% for 2040, with transport representing 50 to 60% of the world’s oil demand. The global demand for transport, which is directly linked with the economic growth of emerging countries such as India and China, is growing at a rate of 1 to 2% per year. Freight transport accounts for 30% of the transport CO2 emissions. Each year, combinedsource air pollution costs France over €100 billion (approximately $117 billion USD), which results in health expenses of €70 billion (approx. $81 billion USD). With increasing demand for freight transport, a higher carbon footprint can be expected if truck manufacturers delay actions toward sustainable development.
REGULATIONS ON THE MOVE
According to the experts, since 2001, regulations have reduced the emission of particulates and NOx by more than 90% in Europe. Around the world, countries and cities are implementing more stringent regulations for passenger cars and light-duty vehicles, while regulations for heavy trucks have existed since 2015 in North America, China and Japan. By presenting a legislative proposal in May 2018, the European Commission also aims to set new CO2 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles in the European Union. In order to do so, they are considering a two-step target:
- 15% CO2 reduction by 2025 instead of 2019 (indicative target, subject to review in 2022)
- 30% CO2 reduction by 2030 instead of 2019
"About 50% of the energy combustion engines produce is lost in the atmosphere, mainly through exhaust gases and the cooling system." - Philippe China
FOUR MAIN ROUTES FOR IMPROVEMENT
1. Vehicle efficiency - moving more weight with less energy: 13% improvement by reducing the weight and improving aerodynamics and rolling resistance 7% improvement when using platooning and predictive cruise control
2. Powertrain efficiency - improving from tank to wheel by 2030: 10% improvement when implementing incremental powertrain evolutions, hybridization and waste-heat recovery
3. Alternative fuels - shifting to performance fuels, biofuels, natural gas for vehicles (NGV), electromovility: 70% less NOx emissions with NGVS Zero-emission with electric trucks 97% less CO2 emissions with bio fuels
4. Logistics efficiency - boosting the emission savings: 30% CO2 savings with mega-trucks 50% CO2 savings with double-decker trucks
Just around the corner : clean freight power
- Total and Clean Energy Fuels Corp. entered an agreement to drive the deployment of new heavy-duty trucks powered by natural gas.
- Daimler, Man and Renault Trucks are testing e-trucks for short-and mid-distance that could hit the european market as soon as 2020 with an autonomy ranging from 150-200 km.